A well-functioning engine to smoothen driving requires adequate knowledge of the type of engine oil best for your car.
Some drivers are however, ignorant about the type of diesel engine oil that is best for their engines and this has led most of them to use inappropriate oils that affect their engines in the long run.
Chris Ssemakula, a mechanic in Mukono, says, “You will notice that someone driving a heavy duty truck will use light duty engine oil to service it. Because of this mistake, all the time they will run to mechanics to have their engines fixed. For an engine to last longer, a driver needs to use the right oil.”
Heavy or light duty oil
Salman Khan, the quality manager of General Petroleum Uganda, says originally, both heavy duty engine oil and light duty engine oil were designed to fit specific modes of cars. “Heavy duty diesel engine oil was designed to be used only in cars, such as, Mercedes Benz, trailers, Fuso, and Excavators while the light duty engine oil was for small cars.”
Also, heavy duty engine oil was favourable for cold weather while light duty engine oil was good for warm weathers. “This necessitated long distance drivers who connect from cold environments to warm ones to change engine oils, which was a big obstacle to some drivers,” Khan says, adding that the situation was tricky if a driver did not know the difference between heavy and light duty engine oil. Such drivers sometimes interchanged the oils.
One oil for all purposes
It is for this reason that 15W-40, a product that can be used by both heavy and light trucks, was introduced in 1998. This ensured that drivers do not have to worry about the type of oil they put in their engine.
“The 15W-40 is compatible with the East African weather and keeps engine components working smoothly together and it helps draw heat away from the combustion chamber, preventing carbon and varnishes from accumulating in the engine,” explains Khan. He says this helps an engine to last much longer.
The new product has thick viscosity and it remains thick while in the engine. Once you begin using it after using inappropriate engine oil, the 15W-40 cleans out the engine.
“Drivers should not gauge the effectiveness of the engine oil by the mileage the car has accumulated but consider the smoothness it brings in driving,” Khan advises, adding, “15W-40 has additives, anti- rust and anti-collusion, which prolongs the life of the engine.
Khan advises drivers to perform routine maintenance, including oil changes to promote the car’s overall health. Failure to change oil in a diesel engine can have serious and costly consequences to the driver, such as extreme engine wear or accidents.
More from multipurpose oil
15W-40 comes with a detergent in it and when put in an engine that has been destroyed by other oils, the engine may get sludge. Do not panic, but rest assured that the oil is clearing all the accumulated dirt left over from bad quality oils. Joseph Kiwanuka, a Fuso driver, says 15W-40 has helped him to have a smooth drive noting that it has also prevented his engine from rusting.
“The new product is a good one. I am using it and my engine is operating at the expected capacity. I have also noticed that there is no rust in the engine ever since I started using this oil.”
More about engine oil
A car’s engine is the “heart” of the vehicle and needs to be maintained with the proper amounts of motor oil.
Cleaning. Motor oil cleans the engine of debris. As the oil is pumped throughout the engine, the oil collects debris as it travels. The debris is collected inside of the oil and dispensed into the oil filtre of the car. This process keeps the engine clean from debris and material that accumulates from normal use.
Cooling. Friction in the engine’s moving parts creates heat. Motor oil is responsible for cooling the friction that is created in the car’s lower portions. Without motor oil’s cooling capability, the engine will be susceptible to frequent overheating.
Restore performance. Special motor oil blends, such as those of synthetic and high-mileage oils, are formulated to restore the function of the engine. Over time, high mileage can cause an engine to perform less than satisfactorily.
Signs you need to change oil
Black and gritty old. The original color of oil is more of a honey brown, and that will quickly darken after a few weeks of use. Once you start to see particles mixed in with that black oil, it is time to change it.
Unusual engine noise. Oil lubricates your engine. Without lubrication, the guts will start to grind against each other, creating unpleasant noises.
Your check-engine light. Many cars nowadays have their own oil gauge, but for the older ones, the check-engine light might come on when there is something wrong with your engine lubricant. Make a check with the dipstick.
Exhaust smoke. If you notice smoke being emitted from your tailpipe, check your oil because there could be an oil leak in your engine. Smoke can also indicate faulty parts in your engine. Have a mechanic check it.
The level drops. Engines will gradually eat up engine oil. When you see the level getting extremely low, fill it back up and check the consistency. It might be time to change it. Source: Daily Monitor