Information, Communication and Technology (ICT) experts in East Africa have been called upon to develop locally relevant content, applications and services so as to make ICT meaningful in the daily lives and operations of people and organisations in the region.
Tanzania’s Minister for ICT Nape Moses Nnauye said that to make ICT relevant in socio-economic development programmes in the region, ICT experts should develop locally relevant content and applications for diverse sectors including education, healthcare, environment, agriculture, and products that are useful to local communities.
“This could also mean locally relevant applications such as software or computerised systems that present end-user solutions,” said Nnauye.
In a speech read on his behalf by the Arusha Regional Commission John Mongella during the opening of the 9th East Africa Internet Governance Forum at the EAC Headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania, Nnauye singled out government information and services provided to citizens as a good example of local content that can be adapted for widespread distribution through the electronic environment as e-government services evolve.
“Locally relevant content can also be information about basic healthcare such as disease outbreaks, which can be effectively broadcast by using different technologies such as radio, television or mobile telephony, particularly in rural areas of developing countries where in most cases there are limited medical facilities,” said Nnauye.
“As individuals use ICTs for different communication purposes, ranging from communicating with family, business colleagues, or customers, this can be a significant aspect to further encourage new users of ICT,” added the Minister.
The Minister observed that irrespective of the relevance of the content, application, or service, its availability in local languages was critical if ICT is to be relevant and useful to the communities and groups targeted by ICT projects and/or policies.
Nnauye said that ICT policies highlight a nation’s ambitions in the use of ICTs as a tool for better livelihoods, peace and security, good governance, and education as well as an economy with a competitive advantage in the global market.
“The potential of ICTs in economic development requires building an ‘enterprise ecosystem’ that offers ‘end-to-end solutions for the poor,” he added.
Speaking at the forum, the EAC Deputy Secretary General in charge of Planning and Infrastructure, Eng. Steven Mlote, said that the EAC Secretariat was working with the Partner States to promote the establishment of communication infrastructure and services, as well as the standardisation of technologies and services in the region.
“The EAC has worked closely with the Partner States in the development of National ICT policies, and efforts are ongoing towards the harmonisation of ICT policies, laws and regulations among the EAC Partner States. The region has also continued to promote ICT as a priority investment sector,” said Eng. Mlote.
Eng. Mlote disclosed that the EAC Vision 2050 had set a target to attain 95% penetration of Internet and mobile networks in the region, and 67% of individuals in East Africa using the Internet by the year 2050.
“To reach these targets, the EAC has set out to build and implement ICT development programmes that are consistent with national, regional and international aspirations and commitments. The programmes will seek to attain universal access to communication infrastructure and services; ensure availability of rich and diverse ICT content and applications; and build competence, confidence and security in the information society,” said Eng. Mlote.
“With such aspirations, we shall therefore work towards reducing the cost and increasing the robustness of cross-border communications; narrowing the divide digital; and expanding digital connectivity across our region,” added the Deputy Secretary General.
Eng. Mlote urged the participants at the forum to critically look into the Internet Governance issues relevant to the region and put in place a coordinated approach to address issues concerning the Information Society and Knowledge Management in the region.